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Mosquito applications

See also Mosquito applications document (members only)


The Mosquito Scientific Instrument System is brought to you by the same guys who made the Penguin fly!

Our core technology is a highly sensitive, optical fiber-based displacement/force transducer. At this moment, we integrate our transducer into sensors, and further into instruments used in physiology for the study of dynamic mechanical properties of animal tissues and cells. 

Path to market

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 Optical fiber-based force/displacement (tactile) sensor
  • The transducer is only 125 microns in diameter and tens to hundreds of microns long. 
  • It can measure sub-μN forces and sub-μm displacements, transversal to the length of the sensor. 
  • The temporal resolution can be set in the sub-ms range. 
  • It offers a great miniaturization path. 
  • It is very low cost and can be made disposable.

Ivan testing the Mosquito at Montreal Heart Institute

Ivan working with the Mosquito

Contact us for more info.

Mosquito Scientific Instrument

Joint-type transducer
Our 3D models are done by Daniel

Context of application in physiological studies

Mechanical properties of biological systems, as well as the processing of biomechanical stimuli by these systems have become essential for our overall understanding of cells and organs. We offer an improved, turnkey, user friendly and high throughput method for probing dynamic mechanical properties at the cellular level.

Micro and nano technology have recently opened the possibility for probing biomechanical properties of cells and their microenvironments. Cells process mechanical cues that in turn drive their functions, growth, differentiation, development, spatial migration, collective organization, etc. Our understanding of the microscopic biomechanical aspects of cells and organs is already coming to fruition, generating new disease and diagnostic paradigms. It is important to design new methods and instruments able to support the growing interdisciplinary work in this field, not only for fundamental scientific research, but also for clinical studies and diagnosis.

We propose an improved method for probing dynamic mechanical properties of biological systems. This method is based on a turnkey, high throughput and user-friendly system, at its core having an optical fiber-based force transducer. It is conceived to assist researchers and clinicians with minimal technical knowledge about its governing principles. The system can easily interface with other measurement methods. It greatly improves throughput of experimentation, it is easily adaptable for a great variety of samples, and it allows greater freedom for sample preparation and manipulation, as well as for the control of environmental conditions.

Relevant literature 

Optical detection system for probing cantilever deflections parallel to a sample surface A. Labuda, T. Brastaviceanu, I. Pavlov, W. Paul, and D. E. Rassier; Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 013701 (2011); doi:10.1063/1.3527913
See also our SENSORICA/Literature folder (members only)

Medical Device

Smart, sensing surgical tools 
more to come... 


High sensitivity and chemically inert pressure an flow sensors. 

The flow sensor 

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See concept below. This prototype was designed and made by Tibi. It was shown as a demo during our presentation at the Canadian Space Agency. 

This is a contact, optical fiber-based flow sensor. In other words, the transducer needs to be in contact with the fluid. It is capable of directly measuring speed.   

  • The transducer is made of glass optical fibers, which is resistant to corrosion
  • The sensing principle is optical, which is compatible with flammable fluids 
  • The diameter and stiffness of the transducer can be made variable, which can be adapted to different scales of measurements
  • This device has a great path for miniaturization
The sensor used the same electronics as the Mosquito. The mechanical design can be adapted to different applications. 


Give robots proprioception, kinesthetic awareness and tactile sense

See Robot finger project page.